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Definition: Logical Positivism.

Posted in Basic Definitions/synopses, Semiotics by ddthesis on December 13, 2007

Logical Positivism is a philosophical stance which maintains that all meaningful statements must consist solely of empirically verifiable facts. This absolute verificationist stance follows Hume’s negative attitude towards ethical, theological and metaphysical speculations and relegates them to being merely emotional or attitudinal postures, rather than statements which are meaningful to the mind. The project of Logical Positivism was to create a strictly verificationist logical form of language in which only meaningful statements could be employed. Central to the Logical Positivists critique of previous philosophy was the use of the copulative verb to state unpredicated existence, which Rudolf Carnap claimed was simply a misleading flaw in the standard use of non-logical language systems. Metaphysical philosophies and their supposed problems were condemned as fictitious and as products of “meta-logics” by Carnap, A.J. Ayers, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

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